Tag Archives: linux

Nvidia Is Preparing An Unexpected Surprise For Linux Users In 2020





Each year Nvidia hosts the GPU Technology Conference, a global gathering of AI developers, data scientists, graphic artists, and pretty much anyone in the technology industry working with GPUs in their chosen fields. The event packs in keynotes with roadmaps and reveals, face-time with Nvidia engineers, and hundreds of sessions to participate in. GTC 2020, though, looks to include a special surprise for Linux users and open source enthusiasts.

An eagle-eyed Phoronix reader spotted this GTC 2020 session clearly titled “Open Source, Linux Kernel, and NVIDIA.” The talk will be driven by Nvidia Principle SW Engineer John Hubbard.

[Source: Forbes]



Mesa 20.0 Now Includes Intel’s Gallium3D Driver To Build By Default


MESA --

As part of the ongoing effort for Intel’s plans to use their new Gallium3D OpenGL Linux driver by default on next quarter’s Mesa 20.0 for Broadwell “Gen8” graphics and newer, another step in that direction was achieved on Friday.

Intel’s “Iris” Gallium3D driver is still making good progress in its goal for Mesa 20.0 to switch the default “i965” classic driver to Intel Gallium3D for Broadwell and newer hardware. Earlier this week was adding a build-time option to change the Intel OpenGL driver default so those building from source or distribution vendors can change the default on their own with ease.

The new achievement is building Iris by default. When Mesa Gallium3D is enabled (pretty much all builds these days…), the Iris Gallium3D driver is included automatically rather than having to select it. Iris now follows R300, R600, RadeonSI, Nouveau, VirGL, VMware SVGA, and SWRAST in being the default x86/x86_64 Gallium3D drivers. Others like V3D and Freedreno meanwhile default to on for ARM/AArch64 builds.

The next step will ideally be to flip on the Gallium3D driver as the default run-time selection for supported hardware to allow for more testing ahead of Mesa 20.0 feature freeze that is expected around the end of January before seeing the stable release at the end of February or March. Originally Intel hoped to change the default for Mesa 19.3 but then delayed it a quarter to Mesa 20.0 to allow more time for ensuring no functional or performance regressions.


Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8.1 Debuts With Added Developer Tools, Security & Automation





Red Hat, Inc. today announced the general availability of Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8.1, the latest version of the world’s leading enterprise Linux platform. The first minor release of the Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8 platform, Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8.1 enhances the manageability, security and performance of the operating system underpinning the open hybrid cloud while also adding new capabilities to drive developer innovation.

Red Hat Enterprise Linux is the foundation of Red Hat’s open hybrid cloud portfolio, providing the underlying engine that allows complex workloads to be developed and deployed across physical, virtual, private and public cloud environments with greater confidence and control.

[Source: Light Reading]



Linux For All Shines on LXDE Desktop | Reviews


By Jack M. Germain

Dec 5, 2019 11:55 AM PT

Linux For All very well could be a unifying Linux distribution that provides a common computing platform.

LFA is a distro developed by Sweden-based software engineer Arne Exton of Exton Linux, the same developer who distributes ExTix Linux. The Swedish Linux Society hosts 16 Exton distributions.

The Exton Linux inventory of distributions is a fertile repository of custom distros you will not find elsewhere. Among Exton Linux releases are an assortment of customized Linux distros based on a wide family of options such as Arch, Debian, Ubuntu, Puppy and Slackware. Multiple versions of these distros offer an even wider range of desktops.

The ExTix distro, which I recently
reviewed, is perhaps one of the best known of Exton’s Linux platforms. That is in part due to its multiple desktop offerings.

Linux For All comes in just one flavor, the LXDE environment. However, LXDE is an inviting option that eliminates confusion and complexity in favor of a powerful desktop that is lightweight enough to run on low-powered aging hardware.

A Linux OS All Can Embrace

Linux For All is a unique offering that stands apart from the other Exton Linux distros. The latest build, version 1911, is a total rebuild of earlier LFA releases. It is not an ExTix retread.

Linux for All screenshot

Linux For All’s latest build is a total rebuild of earlier LFA releases.

– click image to enlarge –


LFA Build 191111 is based on Ubuntu 18.04.3 LTS and Debian. It’s a total rebuild. Nothing is left of the old LFA system, according to developer Exton. Basing the new build on Ubuntu 18.04.3 was a smart choice. That version is an LTS release supported until April 2023. The current Ubuntu 19.10 release is supported only until July 2020.

That is not the case with other Exton Linux distros. For example, a new version of the Ubuntu-based Exton OS distribution, Build 191128, is based on the latest Ubuntu 19.10 (Eoan Ermine) operating system and Linux 5.4 kernel series.

LFA runs the LXDE4 desktop environment, which is very user-friendly and lightweight, and designed for low resource demands.

LFA Build 191111 comes in an ISO file that is 2,120MB, a bit on the large size. The bulky file contains all of the typical applications that ordinary Linux users need to get started. It also comes with Kernel 5.4.0-rc6-exton as well as Nvidia’s latest proprietary graphics driver 440.31.

Lots of Support

A major advantage for adopting this particular distro is better hardware support for Nvidia graphics. You can boot into Nvidia’s proprietary graphics driver 440.31 by electing boot alternative 4 (fail-safe). Next, open up a terminal and run sudo nvidia-xconfig. Then log out.

Depending on your hardware’s configuration, you can skip running that command. The Nvidia card will be used automatically. You can check that by starting Nvidia X Server Settings under Menu (LXDE) >> Preferences. If you cannot reach X/LXDE after running nvidia-xconfig, your video card is not supported.

Another advantage is the inclusion of Refracta Snapshot tools. Refracta makes it easy to create your own installable Ubuntu 18.04.3 LTS Live DVD once you have installed LFA to the hard drive. Also preinstalled is TeamViewer, to control computers from LFA or vice-versa.

If you use only one computer, these tools may have little impact on your computing experience. However, if you maintain computers at home and at the office, these tools can make duplicating your installations with identical configurations a delight.

Nifty Snapshot Tool

The Refracta Snapshot Tool is an integral part of Exton Linux distros, including LFA. It lets you set up and configure LFA to your specific needs and then create a whole new Ubuntu-based live system.

Another option, perhaps less flexible or useful, is to bypass the hard drive installation first and go directly to running the Refracta Snapshot Tool from the live session DVD or the USB drive.

However, your system needs plenty of RAM while running LFA from DVD or a USB stick. Either way, the whole Refracta Snapshot process takes 10 to 30 minutes.

From Live Session to Full Installation

You can install LFA on a hard drive or put it on a USB drive. If you want the USB option, be sure to check the developer’s detailed directions on the website for completing this process. Here is a quick guide to installing LFA to the hard drive.

The live session boot process ends up at LightDM’s login screen. The login password is “live.” The password for root access is “root.” You cannot log in directly as root user. You first must log in as a live user and then open a terminal window to use Sudo to become root with the command: sudo su.

If you still want to run LFA as root you can do it by pressing Ctrl + Alt + F1 simultaneously. Log in as “root” with password “root.” Then run startx.

Some manual overhead is involved in doing the installation to the hard drive. The Refracta installer does not handle partitioning tasks.

First, create a partition of at least 8 GB for LFA. Second, create a SWAP space double the size of your computer’s RAM. You can use GParted, which is available on the LFA live session DVD. Be sure to unmount all partitions before starting the Refracta Installer.

Next, run the intuitive Refracta Installer in LFA live session under Menu >> System Tools >> Refracta Installer. Then choose the manual partitioning section and select the LFA partition you created in advance for installation.

From there, follow the on-screen prompts.

USB Installation Has Persistence

The ISO is now an ISO-hybrid, so you easily can copy it to a USB pen drive and use it as a bootable device that bypasses the hard drive. You then can run LFA from the USB stick and save all your system changes on the stick.

Booting from the USB drive rather than from a DVD live session gives you the option to use a fully functional Linux installation without messing with the existing operating system on the hard drive.

It has the added benefit of allowing you to save all configuration changes for repeated use. This is a similar scenario to what other Linux distros offer to provide a pocket Linux computing experience.

This type of portable Linux installation does not work uniformly with all Linux distros. I found Exton’s USB installation much easier to use than some others I encountered.

Persistent or Not

You can also install/transfer the files needed to boot directly to a USB stick directly from the ISO file without having the persistence feature. If you do this, you will have a traditional live session on USB without the ability to save system changes. This is especially handy if your computer lacks a CD/DVD drive.

First, decide which approach you want with a USB operation. Installing LFA to the USB drive requires a different installation process for completing a USB installation with or without memory persistence. Easy-to-follow instructions are on the website.

The key difference involves taking additional steps to enter a few sudo commands using the terminal window. Otherwise, both installation routines involve using the Refracta tool provided on the ISO. If you have access only to Microsoft Windows, you can do the USB installation with
Rufus.

Looking Over LXDE

LXDE (Lightweight X-11 Desktop Environment) is a free desktop environment with comparatively low resource requirements. This makes it especially suitable for use on older or resource-constrained personal computers such as netbooks or System on a Chip computers.

Linux for All LXLE desktop

The LXDE desktop is plain, simple to use and well-suited for new or old hardware.

– click image to enlarge –


Its component-based design is a nice feature. You can choose what you like. LXDE is
lighter than the Xfce desktop, but once you dig through its Openbox configuration settings, you discover that you can do a lot with sprucing up its otherwise bland look.

LXDE has a clean and simple design. It is also easy to use and powerful.

LXDE at first blush seems very minimalistic with very few special effects. This contributes to its goal of remaining devoid or resource-hungry applications and tools.

Do not mistake its lack of fancy design — no bells, whistles or flashy animations — to mean it is not a productive desktop. If you spend hours a day working at the keyboard, you will soon realize that LXDE is one of the least distracting desktop environments.

Using LXDE

LXDE sports traditional panes that contain the system menu and application launchers, and a taskbar that displays buttons showing running applications. Its design resembles the Cinnamon configuration without the gadgets and applets.

The Openbox configuration manager is a simple tool for managing the look and feel of the desktop. It does not take much to configure. It provides considerable control of the look and feel of the desktop.

The Openbox desktop menu provides nearly every menu selection you need. Everything is easily accessible from the desktop. It includes all of the application menus, system administration tools and preferences.

The default file manager for LXDE is PCManFM. It allows multiple tabs, which can be opened with a right-click on any item in the sidebar or by a left-click on the new tab icon in the icon bar. Right-clicking on the desktop itself provides additional menus.

Bottom Line

Linux For All is a no-nonsense Linux operating system that delivers performance and reliability. It has a well-stocked inventory of useful tools and productivity apps that do not contribute to software bloat.

If you want a lightweight desktop that works out of the box without animations that drain computing resources and strain the eyes, LFA is a great platform that runs on nearly any computer with minimum RAM, regardless of age.

Want to Suggest a Review?

Is there a Linux software application or distro you’d like to suggest for review? Something you love or would like to get to know?

Please
email your ideas to me, and I’ll consider them for a future Linux Picks and Pans column.

And use the Reader Comments feature below to provide your input!


Jack M. Germain has been an ECT News Network reporter since 2003. His main areas of focus are enterprise IT, Linux and open source technologies. He has written numerous reviews of Linux distros and other open source software.
Email Jack.





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Linux Mint 19.3 Will be Released by Christmas » Linux Magazine


Just in time for the holidays, the developers behind Linux Mint have announced that version 19.3 (Tricia) will be released by December 25. The beta for the upcoming iteration has already been made available (download from one of the official mirrors here) for the public to test.

The latest iteration of Linux Mint contains a number of new features. One such features is the System Reports tool. This new tool detects potential issues on your computer (such as a missing language pack, multimedia codec, new firmware drivers, etc.).

Tricia is also the first release of Linux Mint to include High Dots Per Inch (HiDPI) support. This will be a boon to anyone running small screen laptops (such as 13”, high resolution displays), as it will allow them to run Mint in a resolution fitting of the high-end hardware.

Other features include:

  • Celluloid replacing Xplayer as the default multimedia player.
  • Gnote replacing Tomboy as the default note taking application.
  • Drawing replacing GIMP as the default image editor.
  • Panel zones can how have different text and icon sizes.
  • Nemo contextual menus can be configured.
  • Improved startup animation.
  • Window focus mode is now configurable in System Settings.
  • Simplified window settings.
  • Hardware Detection Tool was added to the BIOS menu of the ISO images.
  • Numerous artwork improvements.
  • Cinnamon 4.4, kernel 5.0, and an Ubuntu 18.04 package base. 

Make sure to check the official Linux Mint site for more announcements of this exciting new release.

Official announcement here.



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