Tag Archives: Intel

Intel Itanium IA-64 Support To Be Deprecated By GCC 10, Planned Removal In GCC 11


Intel announced at the start of the year their newest Itanium 9700 “Kittson” processors from 2017 would be discontinued with no planned successor for the IA-64 line-up. Given the IA-64 compiler support is already in rough shape for GCC, the GNU developers are planning to deprecate the support for the current GCC 10 cycle and to remove it entirely for GCC 11.

It’s looking like the GCC compiler toolchain support won’t live much beyond next year, which is also when Intel will honor the last orders for the IA-64 9700 series processors. GCC 10 will debut around the start of Q2’2020 while GCC 11 with the IA-64 support likely removed would be out in Q2’2021 given their normal release cadence.

Considering the GCC compiler is used to compile the Linux kernel and IA-64 doesn’t enjoy coverage from other compilers like Clang able to build the Linux kernel, it will effectively mean the end of the road for new Linux support moving forward. Granted, Itanium hardware will continue to work with existing compiler releases but considering that most IA-64 code is already beginning to suffer from bit-rot, it’s beginning time for customers to consider other architecture options for those that have held out with Itanium systems.

So far all the upstream comments around the GNU Compiler Collection are in favor of deprecating the IA-64 code. Following the deprecation, there’s still the possibility of the port being revived if a new code maintainer were to step up, but at this point it seems unlikely.

5G Jobs Aplenty – Cisco, Intel, Others Seek Candidates | IT Infrastructure Advice, Discussion, Community

Will the deployment of 5G-based wireless services for businesses and consumers translate into large and sustained job growth for the U.S. workforce? The president and FCC chairman, among others, are betting heavily on it, directing spectrum and seed funds to the nascent 5G deployment effort.

Economic growth

The wireless industry supports over 4.7 million jobs and contributes about $475 billion a year to the U.S. economy, according to a recent Accenture report cited by the CTIA.

U.S. wireless companies have started to invest an estimated $275 billion into building 5G networks, an ongoing effort that the CTIA believes will create three million jobs and boost the gross domestic product by $500 billion, according to a second Accenture study. The CTIA estimates that one out of every 100 Americans “will benefit from a new 5G job.”

Where the jobs are

It’s no surprise that much of the job creation is coming from wireless operators and their infrastructure vendors. Verizon, AT&T, Sprint, and T-Mobile are among those hiring 5G talent.

Ericsson, Cisco, Nokia, Spectrum, and Case Systems are also hiring to help provide their service provider customers the pieces needed to plan, test, manage, and drive 5G deployments. The below are excerpts from actual postings.

From the top

Cisco posted the position of 5G Mobile Technology Director in May.

The winning candidate will work directly with key customers to communicate Cisco’s Mobile Core architecture and vision towards 5G, cloud-native architectures, and 5G Core access convergence. This includes a knowledge of the E2E mobile core solution, including EPC, PCRF, DRA, and other mobile core functions.

Responsibilities: The candidate will act as an architectural liaison between the customer and account teams, 5G standards teams, and internal business unit product management and engineering organizations. The position requires a balance of knowledge in 4G/5G mobile core architecture functions, Cloud Native technologies, and strong presentation skills.

Minimum Qualifications: Long history of working with Tier 1 service providers and hands-on knowledge of deployment and lifecycle challenges, expert knowledge in 3GPP 4G/5G standards and procedures and the network functions at a stage 2 and stage 3 level.

Cisco wants candidates to be able to clearly articulate the different 5G architectures being proposed in 5G and the new features being introduced in this next generation. Experience with Segment Routing, Data Center SDN overlays, transport technologies, and IP routing is a major plus.

Consumer focus

In the consumer device sector, Apple is in the mix for 5G talent, posting openings for a Wireless System Engineer, a cellular RF System Architect and a Cellular Software Development Engineer, for starters. Rival Samsung Electronics is shopping for a Senior Manager of Channel Marketing for Mobile Computing.

An enterprise view

How does Verizon see the needs of businesses? You can get a rough idea from the company’s posting for a Senior Manager, 5G Technology Solutions for Enterprise.

Responsibilities: He or she will be leading a team of technology experts responsible for designing and implementing mobile edge/5G technical prototype solutions for key enterprises/verticals, according to the posting. You will engage with our customers’ technical leaders (director, VP and higher levels), to understand their technical needs, deliver technology presentations on 5G at an executive level, and design use cases to be tested.

The Senior Manager will lead a team of solution architects to conceive and execute on mobile edge/5G solutions for enterprises, with a focus on strategic software and architecture development for key enterprise verticals.

Requirements: Candidates must have experience with innovative, cutting-edge technologies, such as AR/VR, IoT, drones self-driving cars, etc., according to the job posting.

Experience: Time building technology architectures or technology products is required as is solid experience in product and application development (B2B or B2B2C). Wireless network experience, ten or more years of experience leading large teams and/or projects, and an understanding of Wi-Fi and wireless Radio Access Network (RAN) technology are all requested.

Education: A Bachelor’s degree or four or more years of work experience are required as are six or more years of relevant work experience. It’s even better if you have a BSEE Electrical/Computer Engineering or MSEE.

Compensation: The posting only mentioned “great pay” without specifics.

5G included

It’s not unusual for advanced technology definition positions to cover more than 5G, as it the case with this Intel posting.

Media, AI/Machine learning and 5G wireless architect

Join Intel’s Next Generation & Standards (NGS) Group. It’s a global team of engineers and technologists from diverse industry backgrounds, working together to realize a world of connected computing.

Intel’s NGS team is chartered with developing advanced prototypes of various technologies to deliver innovative and state of the art wireless experiences into the market within the Internet of Things, 5G Next-Generation Wearable and IoT solutions and other wireless areas.

Roles and responsibilities: Research new technologies and analyze competition technologies to solve applied problems in various disciplines, including immersive media (including AR and VR), Data Analytics, AI/Machine Learning, and 5G wireless.

Right here, right now

Let your search for 5G-related jobs begin.


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Radeon ROCm 2.6 To Support Intel Vega M Chips


The Radeon Open Compute (ROCm) stack will begin to support the Intel Kabylake-G chips with the “Vega M” graphics.

A simple kernel patch adding the VEGA M ID to the device probe function was the last bit needed to allow ROCm to work on Vega M for this open-source compute stack with OpenCL.

That updated AMDKFD kernel driver code will be shipped with the next release, ROCm 2.6. That AMDKFD kernel patch will hopefully make it into the mainline kernel as well for Linux 5.3.

The ROCm + Vega M support stems from a feature request going back to last year.

Benchmarking AMD FX vs. Intel Sandy/Ivy Bridge CPUs Following Spectre, Meltdown, L1TF, Zombieload

Now with MDS / Zombieload being public and seeing a 8~10% performance hit in the affected workloads as a result of the new mitigations to these Microarchitectural Data Sampling vulnerabilities, what’s the overall performance look like now if going back to the days of AMD FX Vishera and Intel Sandybridge/Ivybridge processors? If Spectre, Meltdown, L1TF/Foreshadow, and now Zombieload had come to light years ago would it have shaken that pivotal point in the industry? Here are benchmarks looking at the the performance today with and without the mitigations to the known CPU vulnerabilities to date.

As I’ve already delivered many benchmarks of these mitigations (including MDS/Zombieload) on newer CPUs, for this article we’re looking at older AMD FX CPUs with their relevant Spectre mitigations against Intel Sandybridge and Ivybridge with the Spectre/Meltdown/L1TF/MDS mitigations. Tests were done on Ubuntu 19.04 with the Linux 5.0 kernel while toggling the mitigation levels of off (no coverage) / auto (the default / out-of-the-box mitigations used on all major Linux distributions for the default protections) / auto,nosmt (the more restricted level that also disables SMT / Hyper Threading). The AMD CPUs were tested with off/auto as in the “auto,nosmt” mode it doesn’t disable any SMT as it doesn’t deem it insecure on AMD platforms.

The processors used for testing were the:

– Intel Core i3 2120

– Intel Core i5 2500K

– Intel Core i7 2700K

– Intel Core i7 3700K

– AMD FX-8320E

– AMD FX-8370E

– AMD FX-8370

Based on what I had available in a still working state and not running into any other issues (like motherboard problems preventing the FX-9590 from being tested) as well as time constraints. All of the systems were running with their latest BIOS, 2 x 4GB DDR3 system memory, and SATA 3.0 SSD storage (primarily the Samsung SSD 850). The ASRock Z68 Pro3 was the primary Intel Sandy/Ivy test platform while on the AMD side was the MSI 970 GAMING.

Ubuntu 19.04 x86_64 with the Linux 5.0.0-15-generic kernel was at play with all available Disco Dingo stable release updates. Via the Phoronix Test Suite a wide range of benchmarks were carried out focused on looking at the impact of the CPU vulnerability mitigations for these aging Intel and AMD desktop platforms.

Intel Iris Gallium3D Driver Gets On-Disk Shader Cache Support


In helping to speed-up game load times when switching to the new Intel “Iris” Gallium3D OpenGL Linux driver and smooth out frame-rates for games sporadically loading shaders, Mesa 19.2-devel has added on-disk shader cache support for the driver.

Intel’s existing “i965” classic Mesa driver has long supported an on-disk shader cache along with the other Mesa OpenGL drivers while now the Gallium3D shader cache functionality has been extended for the new Iris driver.

Wired up on Tuesday across the span of several commits was plumbing in the on-disk shader cache support to this Intel Gallium3D driver to the extent that it’s now being used.

This implementation allows the caching of the NIR intermediate representation for shaders along with the compiled Assembly shaders for the GPU.

Overall the situation is looking good for Intel’s plans to have this new open-source OpenGL driver ready for use by default by EOY 2019.